Vocabulary about Work Conditions


to earn a salary, to have a good pay, to be well paid
to earn the minimum wage = for low qualified jobs
an hourly wage, monthly wage, ...
to collect (=receive) your salary on a weekly/monthly basis
to collect your paycheck every month

core salary = basic salary/income
+ commissions/bonuses = a percentage on sales/profit
+ benefits = other ecomic perks (= incentives)
to work in retail (=shops), in hospitality (=restaurants, hotels)
precarious jobs = with bad working conditions
zero-hour contracts (UK) = type of precarious contract

a payroll accountant = in charge of payments,
be on payroll = be paid by the company, not an external contractor
payslip = a detailed breakdown (= in categories) of your gross and net salary
to get a salary increase (=pay rise) for seniority
seniority = long years in the company

be hired/contracted as a freelancer = independent contractor
a freelanceR = noun
a freelance (= adjective) consultant/developer/teacher
to charge (= get money) an hourly fee of €15
fees = a contractor's salary/price for their services


to have good working hours = schedule, timetable
to get a 9-5 job (nine to five), an office job
to work from dawn to dusk = from sunrise to sunset

to work part-time, full-time
to work in shifts, to have a rota = changing timetable
to do the morning shift, evening shift, night shift
to have a lunch break, a 30-minute lunch break

to do overtime = work beyond your regular hours
to toil hard, to work long hours, to put in many hours,
Let's call it a day = decide to finish work today

we are running behind schedule = failing to meet our deadlines
we are working non-stop/flat out/at full swing
we are snowed under = have a huge workload (=amount of work)


entry-level jobs = at the bottom of the organisation
a training/junior/middle/senior position (=job)
Example: a junior consultant, a middle manager, a senior executive, ...

the board = the directors, management, the board of directors
the top dogs, big wigs, big shots = the big bosses
to climb UP the corporate ladder = grow within the company

to delegate ON your employees/team/underlings (= those working for you)
to report TO the head of marketing, the sales director, ...
to account FOR (= be responsible for) the performance of the department

blue-collar employees = unskilled, not qualified, factory/manual skills
white-collar employees = skilled, qualified, office/mental skills
a freelancer = a self-employed person, sole trader, independent contractor

to be promoted = get a job of higher category, get a promotion
to be demoted = get a job of lower category
to be sidelined = not given any responsability, set aside
an employee performance appraisal = employee evaluation


perks = non-economic incentives, rewards
to be eligible to = to have the right to, be entitled to
medical insurance = to cover costs of medical care
national insurance contributions = for pensions, unemployment, accident, and so on
PAYE = "Pay As You Earn", UK's national insurance contributions paid by the employer

private pension scheme = saving plan for retirement
meal/travel/accommodation allowance = subsistance, when paid by the company
the company car is paid FOR by the company
a career plan = list of career goals for an employee
ongoing training = long-term training plan

Word order: Where to place the adverb.

English has very strict word order rules. Many frequent time adverbs such as frequency adverbs (always, usually, never) or adverbs that indicate completion of tasks (already, still) must be placed between the auxiliary verb and the main verb:

subj  +  aux  +    ADV   +    verb
I             have   ALWAYS    been
we         don't    USUALLY   go

In cases where there is no auxiliary verb, such as affirmative sentences in simple present and simple past, they are placed between the subject and the main verb:

subj  +  aux  +    ADV   +    verb
you                     NEVER     say
she                   ALREADY  arrived

If the only verb is the verb to be, it will work as an auxiliary verb. Therefore, adverbs will come after:

subj  +  aux  +    ADV   +    verb
they         are       STILL                     at home
she            is       ALSO                     a great person

Any, Anything, Anyone, Some, Something and Someone

Grammar explanation

Some, Something and Someone are used in affirmative sentences.
Any, Anything, Anyone are used in negative sentences.
- Can I have/get SOME ... ? Can you give me SOME ... ? (There's certainly SOME of it.)
- Do you have ANY ... ? Is there ANY ... ? (We're not certain whether there's ANY of it.)

Some and Any come along with nouns: some water, any idea, some people, any problem.
**Exception: Do you have any friends in town? Yes, I have SOME. I don't have ANY. (No need to repeat friends. It's obvious.)
Something and Anything come alone and represent things: I want to eat something (=some food). I didn't understand anything (=any word/idea).
Someone and Anyone come alone and represent people: Someone is knocking the door (=some person). I didn't know anyone at the party (=any person).


I don't know ...... about economics.
She doesn't have ... cash but I have .... .
I know .... who can give you ... help.
Do you have .... euro coins? Sorry, I don't have .... .
Can I get ... biscuits? Sure, take ... .
She said ... , but I didn't understand ... word.
It's a secret. Please don't say ... to ... !

Check the answers in the comment section.